Ernesto “Che” Guevara is a Cuban revolutionary leader born June 14, 1928 to an upper middle class family in Rosario, Argentina. As a medical student, he traveled throughout South America and was overwhelmed as he witnessed poverty, hunger and diseases. He graduated medicine from Buenos Aires University in 1953. Determined to helped the impoverished people of Latin America, Che fought for Communism. He believed that Imperialism and the capitalist exploitation of Latin America by the United States was to blame for the devastating situation. In 1954 while in Guatemala he joined social reform groups under President Jacobo Arbenz. Soon after he met Raul and Fidel Castro and joined their 26th of July movement and sailed to Cuba to overthrow U.S-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista which they successfully did after two years of guerilla campaign. Guevarra switched from being a doctor to being a military man and became Castro’s second-in-command.
Later he became Head of the Ministry of Industry and the Cuban bank. He shifted the country’s trade relations from the United States to the Soviet Union, nationalized the banks and turned over the land to the farmers. In 1965 he began to export the idea of Cuba’s revolution to other parts of the world. He first went to Congo. A year later, he encouraged the people of Bolivia to rebel against their government . With little success and only a small guerilla force to support his efforts, he was captured by the Bolivian army and was killed in La Higuera on October 9, 1967.
Guevara has become a legendary political figure to most. Others, however, remember him as ruthless and executed prisoners of war without trial in Cuba.