Sea Turtles, also known as Marine Turtles, are one of Earth’s most ancient creatures, having been around for 110 million years. Their shells consist of an upper and lower portion and are called carapace and plastron respectively. The arrangement and number of their scales (scutes), their body size, shape and color define what kind of turtle species they are; green, loggerhead, Kemp’s ridley, olive ridley, hawksbill, flatback and leatherback.
Unlike other turtles, sea turtles cannot retract their head and legs into their shells. They mostly eat seaweeds, small crabs and shrimps, sponges, snails and algae. They are found in warm and temperate waters and migrate thousands of miles between their feeding area and the beaches where they nest. Sea turtles spend most of their lives in the water and are only observed to come to shore when they nest. They usually come back to the beach where they are born. Using their back fins, mothers dig up a hole, lay their clutch of eggs and go back to the ocean. After hatching, the young dig their way out, commonly at night, and move toward the ocean.