A Buddha is one who has attained wisdom, an ideal state of ethical and intellectual perfection or Bodhi. This state can only be achieved by purely human means.
The term Buddha literally means enlightened one. Buddhists have created statues which they believed conveyed the religion’s teachings. Surya Das, a Buddhist lama said that symbols encoded in statues were used in preliterate, oral culture to pass on the messages.
The head is with curly short hair to show Siddhartha after he had cut off his topknot to renounce his privileged past. Half closed eyes show a state of meditation: looking outward and inward. Elongated earlobes to hear what’s needed on the world. Mudras or hand gestures have different meanings. A dot on the forehead brings wisdom. Long arms signify generosity, white, slender fingers symbolize mindfulness and purity in every act.