The national flag of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly known as North Korea, is a distinctive emblem that embodies the ideology and principles of the country. Adopted on September 9, 1948, the flag consists of three main elements: a central red rectangle with a blue horizontal stripe in the upper part and a white one in the lower part. Two white five-pointed stars, each within a circle, adorn the broad blue stripe, placed equidistant from the central red band’s edges.
The red field symbolizes the revolutionary spirit and patriotism of the Korean people, reflecting the ideology of Juche, the state’s official guiding philosophy. The blue stripe represents sovereignty, peace, and friendship. The placement of the blue stripe at the top signifies the determination of the DPRK to maintain its independence and sovereignty. The two white five-pointed stars are significant; the larger star represents the leadership of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea, and the smaller star signifies the unity of the people under this leadership.
The design is characterized by its symmetry, precision, and use of bold colors, reflecting the ideals of self-reliance and socialism that are central to North Korea’s identity. The simplicity of the flag is intentional, with each element carefully chosen to convey specific political and ideological messages. Displayed prominently in various settings, including official events and public buildings, the North Korean flag serves as a powerful symbol of the nation’s political ideology and aspirations, reinforcing the principles laid out by its leadership.