Panama’s national flag, officially adopted on November 3, 1903, is a simple yet symbolic representation of the nation’s history, unity, and aspirations. Comprising four rectangles of equal size, the flag features two vibrant colors, red and blue. The upper and lower rectangles are blue, while the central rectangles are white, with a prominent red square positioned in the middle of the white stripe. The red, white, and blue hues are reminiscent of the national colors of the United States, signifying Panama’s historical ties to its northern neighbor.
The blue rectangles represent the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, essential bodies of water that flank the isthmus. The central white stripe, bearing a quartered red square with a blue star in each quarter, serves as a powerful emblem. The blue stars symbolize the political parties of the nation and the guiding principles of Panama’s government: loyalty, honor, and the law. The red square, positioned over the white stripe, signifies the liberal party in Panama, adding a political dimension to the flag’s symbolism.
Notably, the design of the flag was influenced by the national banner of the United States, reflecting Panama’s gratitude for American support during its struggle for independence from Colombia. The five-pointed blue stars on the white stripe evoke the guiding principles of mutual cooperation and friendship between Panama and the United States. In essence, Panama’s flag encapsulates historical ties, geographical significance, and political ideals, embodying the nation’s rich narrative and commitment to democratic values.