Australia is a vast and diverse country located in the Southern Hemisphere, known for its unique wildlife, diverse landscapes, and vibrant culture. Governed as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with Canberra as the capital, Australia has a rich Indigenous history and is home to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The country’s iconic landmarks include the Great Barrier Reef, the Outback, and the Sydney Opera House. With a developed economy driven by industries such as mining, agriculture, and services, Australia is also recognized for its contributions to literature, film, music, and sports. The nation’s climate varies from tropical in the north to temperate in the south, and it experiences unique natural phenomena such as bushfires and cyclones. Australia plays a significant role in international affairs and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.